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Indian J Cancer. 2018 Oct-Dec;55(4):366-371. doi: 10.4103/ijc.IJC_100_18.

Examination of methylation changes of VIM, CXCR4, DOK7, and SPDEF genes in peripheral blood DNA in breast cancer patients.

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1
Medical Biotechnology Division, National Institute of Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Studying whole blood DNA methylation as a risk marker has valuable applications in either diagnosis or staging of breast cancer. We investigated whole blood DNA methylation status of VIM, CXCR4, DOK7, and SPDEF genes in breast cancer patients in comparison to healthy control subjects.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

60 patients with breast cancer and 40 healthy controls were examined. Genomic DNA isolated from peripheral blood and restriction enzyme polymerase chain reaction (REP) method was applied for analysis. Real-time PCR was used to confirm methylation status of the aforementioned genes and therefore to find out the methylation differences between normal and breast cancer subjects.

RESULTS:

Level of DOK7 promoter hypomethylation in normal and breast cancer samples was significant (P-value = 0.001). The study, also, showed that hypomethylation of VIM and CXCR4 genes are significant in patients compared with normal cases (P-value < 0.05). Furthermore, SPDEF promoter hypomethylation was not significantly differed between normal and breast cancer samples (P-value = 0.2).

CONCLUSIONS:

Hypermethylation of DOK7 gene in DNA from patients affected with breast cancer offers a biomarker for diagnosis of the breast cancer. This study indicates that methylation status of VIM and CXCR4 genes changes in breast cancer; so, they can be used as molecular biomarkers in breast cancer prognosis.

KEYWORDS:

Biomarker; DNA methylation; breast cancer; restriction enzyme polymerase chain reaction technique

PMID:
30829272
DOI:
10.4103/ijc.IJC_100_18
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