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Curr Cardiol Rep. 2019 Mar 4;21(4):22. doi: 10.1007/s11886-019-1109-9.

Echocardiography in Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension.

Author information

1
Cardiology Division, "Cava de' Tirreni and Amalfi Coast" Hospital, Heart Department, University of Salerno, Salerno, Italy.
2
Department of Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, China.
3
Institute of Clinical Physiology-C.N.R., Pisa, Italy.
4
Department of Cardiology, Bieganski Hospital, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland.
5
Heart Centre, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.
6
Department of Respiratory Diseases, Monaldi Hospital, University "Federico II", Naples, Italy.
7
Department of Cardiovascular Imaging, Piedmont Heart Institute, Atlanta, GA, USA.
8
Division of Cardiology, A. Cardarelli Hospital, Via A. Cardarelli, 9, 80131, Naples, Italy. ebossone@hotmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a devastating disease which can result in right heart (RH) failure and death. Herein, we discuss the current clinical applications of echocardiography in PAH.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Advanced echocardiographic techniques (strain, strain rate, 2D-speckle tracking strain, and three-dimensional echocardiography) may reveal in the near future additional important insights into RH structure and function. Although right-heart catheterization is mandatory for a definitive diagnosis, echocardiography (resting and exercise) represents a key noninvasive imaging test on the diagnostic-prognostic-therapeutic PAH algorithm.

KEYWORDS:

Echocardiography; Exercise Doppler echocardiography; Pulmonary arterial hypertension; Strain; Three-dimensional echocardiography

PMID:
30828743
DOI:
10.1007/s11886-019-1109-9

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