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Hum Pathol. 2019 Feb 28. pii: S0046-8177(19)30022-X. doi: 10.1016/j.humpath.2019.02.005. [Epub ahead of print]

Perinephric Myxoid Pseudotumor of Fat: A Distinctive Pseudoneoplasm Most Often Associated with Non-neoplastic Renal Disease.

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Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN.
Department of Laboratory Medicine and Pathology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN. Electronic address:


In 2009, Tanas et al reported unusual changes in the perinephric fat, mimicking well-differentiated liposarcoma. We report 11 perinephric masses showing similar changes but chiefly arising in patients with non-neoplastic renal disease. Tissue from 11 perinephric masses was retrieved, and immunohistochemistry for IgG/IgG4 and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) for MDM2 amplification was performed. Clinical information was obtained. Cases occurred in 10 males and 1 female (43-84 years of age; median 63.5 years). Ten patients presented with perinephric masses (size range 2-28cm), and one was an incidental finding. Four patients had bilateral or multiple masses. Underlying renal disease included diabetes mellitus (n=3), end-stage kidney (n=2), diabetes and end-stage kidney disease (n=1), chronic pyelonephritis (n=1), and non-invasive high-grade papillary urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis (n=1). Three patients were not known to have renal disease. Most tumors were submitted as "well-differentiated liposarcoma". The masses consisted of mature fat, myxoid stroma, moderately variable spindled to stellate cells and a mixed inflammatory cell infiltrate. Enlarged, hyperchromatic stromal cells were absent. IgG4-positive plasma cells and MDM2 amplification were absent in all tested cases. Clinical follow-up (11 patients; range 1-120 months; median 24 months) showed absent or stable disease in 9 patients; 2 died of unrelated causes. This distinctive pseudoneoplasm usually occurs in association with non-neoplastic renal disease, although similar changes may be identified in the perinephric fat of patients with renal carcinoma. Morphologic evaluation and FISH for MDM2 amplification should allow its distinction from liposarcoma and other mimics.


IgG4; MDM2; pseudotumor; renal disease; renal neoplasms; well-differentiated liposarcoma

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