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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2019 Apr 9;511(3):626-630. doi: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.02.098. Epub 2019 Feb 27.

A predominant form of C-terminally end-cleaved AQP0 functions as an open water channel and an adhesion protein in AQP0ΔC/ΔC mouse lens.

Author information

1
Physiology and Biophysics, Stony Brook University, NY, USA.
2
Physiology and Biophysics, Stony Brook University, NY, USA; SUNY Eye Institute, Syracuse, NY, USA. Electronic address: kulandaiappan.varadaraj@stonybrook.edu.

Abstract

The purpose of this investigation was to find out whether C-terminally end-cleaved aquaporin 0 (AQP0), that is present predominantly in the lens mature fiber cells of the WT, functions as a water channel and a cell-to-cell adhesion (CTCA) protein in a knockin (KI) mouse model (AQP0ΔC/ΔC) that does not express intact AQP0. A genetically engineered KI mouse model, AQP0ΔC/ΔC, expressing only end-cleaved AQP0 was developed. This model expresses 1-246 amino acids of AQP0, instead of the full length 1-263 amino acids. Lens transparency of postnatal day 10 (P10) was analyzed qualitatively by dark field imaging. WT, AQP0+/- and AQP0+/ΔC lenses were transparent; AQP0-/- and AQP0ΔC/ΔC mouse lenses displayed loss of transparency. Lens fiber cell membrane vesicles (FCMVs) were prepared from wild type (WT), AQP0 heterozygous (AQP0+/-), AQP0 knockout (AQP0-/-), AQP0+/ΔC and AQP0ΔC/ΔC; water permeability (Pf) was measured using the osmotic shrinking method. CTCA assay was performed using adhesion-deficient L-cells and FCMVs prepared from the abovementioned genotypes. FCMVs of AQP0+/- and AQP0-/- showed a statistically significant reduction (P < 0.001) in Pf and CTCA compared to those of WT. AQP0+/ΔC and AQP0ΔC/ΔC FCMVs exhibited no statistically significant alteration (P > 0.05) in Pf compared to those of WT. However, CTCA of AQP0+/ΔC AQP0ΔC/ΔC FCMVs was significantly higher (P < 0.001) than that of WT FCMVs. Our experiments clearly show that C-terminally end-cleaved AQP0 can function both as a water channel and a CTCA molecule in the lens fiber cell membranes. Also, end-truncation plays an important role in increasing the CTCA between fiber cells.

KEYWORDS:

AQP0; C-terminally end-cleaved AQP0; Cell-to-cell adhesion; Water permeability

PMID:
30826060
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbrc.2019.02.098

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