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J Behav Med. 2019 Feb;42(1):67-83. doi: 10.1007/s10865-018-9966-z. Epub 2019 Mar 1.

The history and future of digital health in the field of behavioral medicine.

Author information

1
Department of Psychology, Rowan University, Glassboro, USA. arigo@rowan.edu.
2
Department of Health Education and Behavior, University of Florida, Gainesville, USA.
3
Interactive Health, Schaumburg, USA.
4
Population Health and Clinical Affairs, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center Health Plan, Pittsburgh, USA.
5
Department of Family Medicine Public Health, Center for Wireless and Population Health Systems, University of California, San Diego, San Diego, USA.
6
Department of Allied Health Sciences, Institute for Collaboration in Health, Interventions, and Policy, Center for mHealth and Social Media, University of Connecticut, Storrs, USA.

Abstract

Since its earliest days, the field of behavioral medicine has leveraged technology to increase the reach and effectiveness of its interventions. Here, we highlight key areas of opportunity and recommend next steps to further advance intervention development, evaluation, and commercialization with a focus on three technologies: mobile applications (apps), social media, and wearable devices. Ultimately, we argue that future of digital health behavioral science research lies in finding ways to advance more robust academic-industry partnerships. These include academics consciously working towards preparing and training the work force of the twenty first century for digital health, actively working towards advancing methods that can balance the needs for efficiency in industry with the desire for rigor and reproducibility in academia, and the need to advance common practices and procedures that support more ethical practices for promoting healthy behavior.

KEYWORDS:

Behavior change intervention; Digital health; Mobile applications; Social media; Wearable technology

PMID:
30825090
PMCID:
PMC6644720
[Available on 2020-03-01]
DOI:
10.1007/s10865-018-9966-z

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