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J Autism Dev Disord. 2019 Mar 1. doi: 10.1007/s10803-019-03940-2. [Epub ahead of print]

Competitive Employment for Transition-Aged Youth with Significant Impact from Autism: A Multi-site Randomized Clinical Trial.

Wehman P1,2,3, Schall C4,5,6, McDonough J2,7, Sima A8, Brooke A2,7,3, Ham W2,7,3, Whittenburg H2,7, Brooke V2,7,3, Avellone L2,7,3, Riehle E9.

Author information

1
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
2
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
3
School of Education, VCU Autism Center for Excellence, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 842011, Richmond, VA, 23284-2011, USA.
4
Rehabilitation Research and Training Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. cmschall@vcu.edu.
5
School of Education, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA. cmschall@vcu.edu.
6
School of Education, VCU Autism Center for Excellence, Virginia Commonwealth University, Box 842011, Richmond, VA, 23284-2011, USA. cmschall@vcu.edu.
7
School of Education, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, VA, USA.
8
Department of Biostatistics, Virginia Commonwealth University, Richmond, USA.
9
Division of Disability Services, Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center, Cincinnati, OH, USA.

Abstract

This study reports the results of a multi-site, parallel block randomized clinical trial to expand the previous findings regarding the implementation of Project SEARCH plus ASD Supports (PS + ASD) on employment outcomes upon graduation from high school. Participants were 156 individuals with significant impact from ASD between the ages of 18-21. There was a significant difference between treatment and control groups with 73.4% of the treatment group acquiring competitive employment at or above minimum wage by 1-year after graduation compared to 17% of the control group for whom data was provided. At 1-year, employed treatment group participants worked an average of 21.2 h per week (SD = 9) for a mean hourly wage of $9.61 per hour (SD = $1.55).Clinical Trial Registration: clinicaltrials.gov Identifier: NCT03560453.

KEYWORDS:

ASD; Applied behavior analysis; Autism; Employment; Positive behavior support; Project SEARCH; Transition to adulthood

PMID:
30825082
DOI:
10.1007/s10803-019-03940-2

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