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Acta Biomater. 2019 Apr 1;88:370-382. doi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2019.02.035. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Synthesis and assessment of drug-eluting microspheres for transcatheter arterial chemoembolization.

Author information

1
Key Laboratory of Molecular Target & Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 511436, People's Republic of China.
2
Key Laboratory of Molecular Target & Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 511436, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: lixufeng@gzhmu.edu.cn.
3
Key Laboratory of Molecular Target & Clinical Pharmacology, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The Second Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou 511436, People's Republic of China. Electronic address: fujj@gzhmu.edu.cn.

Abstract

Transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE) is well known as an effective treatment for inoperable hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). In this study, a novel embolic agent of ion-exchange poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-acrylic acid) microspheres (HAMs) was successfully synthesized by the inverse suspension polymerization method. Then, HAMs were assessed for their activity as an embolic agent by investigating morphology, particle size, water retention capability, elasticity and viscoelasticity, microcatheter/catheter deliverability, cytotoxicity, renal arterial embolization to rabbits and histopathological examinations. The ability of drug loading and drug eluting of HAMs was also investigated by using doxorubicin (Dox) as the model drug. HAMs showed to be feasible and effective for vascular embolization and to be as a drug vehicle for loading positively charged molecules and potential use in the clinical interventional chemoembolization therapy. STATEMENT OF SIGNIFICANCE: A novel embolic agent of ion-exchange poly(hydroxyethyl methacrylate-acrylic acid) microspheres (HAMs) was successfully synthesized by the inverse suspension polymerization method and was used as a drug vehicle to load positively charged molecules by ion absorption. Then, a series of assessments including physicochemical properties, mechanical properties, drug-loading capability, and embolic efficacy were performed. Surface and cross-section morphology and pore size of fully hydrated HAMs were first investigated by Phenom ProX SEM, which intuitively disclosed the "honeycomb" network morphology. HAMs also showed to be feasible and effective for vascular occlusion and have potential use in clinical interventional embolization therapy.

KEYWORDS:

Chemoembolization; Doxorubicin; Drug vehicle; Ion-exchange microspheres

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