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Bioinformatics. 2019 Mar 1. pii: btz145. doi: 10.1093/bioinformatics/btz145. [Epub ahead of print]

FORESEE: a tool for the systematic comparison of translational drug response modeling pipelines.

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Joint Research Center for Computational Biomedicine (JRC-COMBINE), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.
Aachen Institute for Advanced Study in Computational Engineering Science (AICES), RWTH Aachen University, Aachen, Germany.



Translational models that utilize omics data generated in in vitro studies to predict the drug efficacy of anti-cancer compounds in patients are highly distinct, which complicates the benchmarking process for new computational approaches. In reaction to this, we introduce the uniFied translatiOnal dRug rESponsE prEdiction platform FORESEE, an open-source R-package. FORESEE not only provides a uniform data format for public cell line and patient data sets, but also establishes a standardized environment for drug response prediction pipelines, incorporating various state-of-the-art preprocessing methods, model training algorithms and validation techniques. The modular implementation of individual elements of the pipeline facilitates a straightforward development of combinatorial models, which can be used to re-evaluate and improve already existing pipelines as well as to develop new ones.


FORESEE is licensed under GNU General Public License v3.0 and available at


Supplementary Files 1 and 2 provide detailed descriptions of the pipeline and the data preparation process, while Supplementary File 3 presents basic use cases of the package.

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