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Indian J Palliat Care. 2019 Jan-Mar;25(1):79-83. doi: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_128_18.

Resilience and its Predictors among the Parents of Children with Cancer: A Descriptive-Correlational Study.

Author information

1
Department of Medical-surgical Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
2
Trauma Research Center and Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
3
Behavioral Sciences Research Center, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
4
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing, Baqiyatallah University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran.
5
Department of Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Abstract

Context:

As a common debilitating illness, cancer is among the leading causes of child mortality in developed and developing countries. Cancer diagnosis for children is considerably stressful for their parents. Resilience is a key factor behind effective coping with cancer-related problems. This study evaluated resilience and its predictors among the parents of children with cancer.

Aim:

This study evaluated resilience and its predictors among the parents of children with cancer.

Settings and Design:

This cross-sectional descriptive-analytical study was conducted in 2017 on 400 parents of children with cancer in Tabriz Children's Hospital, Iran.

Methods:

A demographic questionnaire and the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale were used to collect the data. Parents were conveniently recruited from Tabriz Children's Hospital.

Statistical Analysis:

Data were analyzed using the SPSS for Windows program (v. 16) via descriptive and inferential statistical methods.

Results:

The mean score of parents' resilience was 66.83 ± 14.28. Fathers obtained significantly higher resilience scores than mothers (P < 0.001). The predictors of parents' resilience were financial status, parents' gender, fathers' employment status, and children's gender.

Conclusion:

The parents of cancer-afflicted children, particularly their mothers, have low resilience and therefore may be at risk for different physical and mental health problems. Health-care providers need to identify at-risk parents and provide them with greater psychological and educational support.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; child; parents; resilience

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