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Indian J Palliat Care. 2019 Jan-Mar;25(1):57-60. doi: 10.4103/IJPC.IJPC_145_18.

Central Venous Catheter as Peritoneal Indwelling Catheter for the Management of Recurrent Malignant Ascites: A Case Series.

Author information

1
Department of Oncoanaesthesia and Palliative Medicine, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar IRCH, AIIMS, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

Background:

Malignant ascites is an accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity due to the manifestation of terminal metastatic malignancies. Accumulation of ascitic fluid could cause abdominal distention, early satiety, and shortness of breath. The onset and progression of these symptoms are not only distressing but also cause deterioration of the quality of life. Malignant ascites is associated with poor prognosis with anticipated life expectancy ranging from 1 to 4 months. Therapeutic paracentesis is the mainstay of palliation for malignant ascites. It only provides a temporary relief of symptoms, ascites re-accumulates, and paracentesis has to be repeated.

Objectives:

The aim of this case series was to evaluate our experiences when treating malignant ascites with placement of central venous catheter in the peritoneal cavity, with special emphasis on patient satisfaction, comfort of caregiver, technical success, and adverse events.

Methods:

Five patients with advanced disease and recurrent malignant ascites who required multiple paracentesis were selected for placement of 7-FG triple-port Central venous catheter in the peritoneal cavity. Maximum fluids that can be tapped were removed in ward. Patients and their relatives were assessed for satisfaction with the procedure.

Results:

Out of 5 patients, 3 were female and 2 male (age between 46 and 62 years). Two patients had carcinoma gallbladder and one each of carcinoma ovary, breast, and prostate. All patients were followed up till 1 month from catheter placement. Patients and their relatives were well satisfied in terms of frequent hospital visit for paracentesis.

Conclusion:

In summary, we suggest that central venous catheter may be used as indwelling peritoneal catheter for the symptom management of recurrent malignant ascites. It provides a relatively safe and cost-effective alternative to serial large-volume paracentesis that requires multiple hospital admissions.

KEYWORDS:

Ascites; central venous catheters; paracentesis; quality of life; satisfaction scale

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