Send to

Choose Destination
J Conserv Dent. 2019 Jan-Feb;22(1):76-81. doi: 10.4103/JCD.JCD_302_18.

Bonding strengths to porcelain: An in vitro study of ultrasonic and conventional tooth preparation and etching.

Author information

Department of Oral Rehabilitation, School of Dentistry, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Division of Health Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.
Department of Applied Sciences, University of Otago, Dunedin, New Zealand.



To compare the bond strength of porcelain to enamel and dentin preparations finished with either ultrasonic instruments or diamond burs, with or without acid etching.

Materials and Methods:

A total of 140 extracted bovine incisor teeth were divided into two groups, enamel and dentin. A split tooth model was employed: each tooth having a randomly allocated combination of diamond burs, ultrasonic instrument, etching, and no etching treatments on their labial surface. Lithium disilicate glass ceramic specimens were bonded to the prepared surfaces and tensile testing was carried out. Force was applied to failure, and linear mixed models were used to analyze the data.


Etching increased the bond strength of the dentin samples by 7.63 MPa (P < 0.001). When bonding to dentin, ultrasonic instrument preparation produced a 2.88 MPa greater bond strength compared to burs (P < 0.001).


Ultrasonic preparation produced greater bond strengths compared to rotary instruments. Etching improved the bond strength of all preparations, with enamel having consistently greater bonding values than dentin.


Bonding strengths; porcelain; ultrasonic

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Medknow Publications and Media Pvt Ltd Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center