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Therapie. 2019 Apr;74(2):187-197. doi: 10.1016/j.therap.2018.11.015. Epub 2019 Feb 6.

Methods in pharmacoepidemiology.

Author information

1
Service de pharmacologie médicale et clinique, UMR Inserm 1027, CIC Inserm 1436, faculté de médecine, centre hospitalier universitaire, 31000 Toulouse, France. Electronic address: agnes.sommet@univ-tlse3.fr.
2
Inserm, Bordeaux population health research centre, team pharmacoepidemiology, UMR 1219, university of Bordeaux, 33076 Bordeaux, France; Pôle de santé publique, centre régional de pharmacovigilance de Bordeaux, service de pharmacologie médicale, CHU de Bordeaux, 33076 Bordeaux, France.

Abstract

Pharmacoepidemiology is the study of interactions between drugs and human populations, investigating, in real conditions of life, benefits, risks and use of drugs. Pharmacoepidemiology applies to drugs and their pharmacological evaluations, the different methods also used in epidemiology to assess in real conditions of life, benefits, risks and use of drugs. Pharmacoepidemiologic studies are ad-hoc studies or studies on databases. Specific methods exist to measure drug exposure, as well as indicators of compliance and misuse of drugs. Various designs for descriptive and explanatory studies exist, in a context in which a growing proportion of studies are carried out using medico-administrative data. The limits traditionally affecting the study designs are modified in this context, almost any design selected for the conduct of a study from these databases then deriving from a cohort in whom the information has been recorded prospectively and exhaustively.

KEYWORDS:

Databases; Drug exposure; Methods; Pharmacoepidemiology; Phase IV; Study designs

PMID:
30819408
DOI:
10.1016/j.therap.2018.11.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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