Send to

Choose Destination
SICOT J. 2019;5:3. doi: 10.1051/sicotj/2019003. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Current practice and preferences to management of equinus in children with ambulatory cerebral palsy: A survey of orthopedic surgeons.

Author information

Department of Orthopedic Surgery, Hurghada General Hospital, Hurghada, Egypt.
Division of Pediatric Orthopaedics and Limb Reconstruction Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, Ain-Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.
Department of Orthopedics, College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia.
Department of Pediatric Orthopedic Surgery, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.



The consensus among orthopedic surgeons on the management of equinus deformity in cerebral palsy (CP) children has not been reported previously despite being a prevalent deformity. The goals of this study were to examine the orthopedic surgeons' current practice regarding the management of equinus deformity in children with ambulatory CP, and analyze variations in current practice between general orthopedic and pediatric orthopedic surgeons.


We implemented a brief cross-sectional self-reported questionnaire that addressed the areas of clinical examination and decision-making skills of management of equinus deformity in CP children. We targeted a convenience sample of 400 participants. Surgeons that provided complete responses to the questionnaire were 223 with a response rate of 56%, of which 123 (55%) were general orthopedic surgeons, whereas 100 (45%) were pediatric orthopedic surgeons. The target population consisted of orthopedic surgeons who were further sub-classified in accordance with practice age, general versus pediatric, and exposure to children's orthopedics during the last three years of their practice. For analytical statistics, the Chi-Square test and Fisher's exact test were used to examine the relationship between two qualitative variables.


The overall clinical practice preferences of all survey participants were unimpressive with discordant survey responses. Pediatric orthopedic surgeons generally demonstrated a statistically significant difference regarding clinical assessment skill items of the survey, in contrast to general orthopedic surgeons. However, we found no differences between pediatric orthopedic and general orthopedic surgeons regarding most of the decision-making/knowledge items.


Generally, there are insufficient clinical practice trends of both general and pediatric orthopedic surgeons regarding equinus treatment in CP children. This may indicate a knowledge-practice gap with potential risks to CP children undergoing surgery for equinus. There is a need for a more competent exposure to CP in orthopedic surgeons' educational curricula and an updated health referral system.

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for EDP Sciences Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center