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Per Med. 2019 Mar;16(2):157-170. doi: 10.2217/pme-2018-0085. Epub 2019 Feb 28.

Toward multiomics-based next-generation diagnostics for precision medicine.

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Department of Emergency Medicine, Hangzhou Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Hangzhou 310007, Zhejiang Province, China.
Department of Nursing, Tongde Hospital of Zhejiang Province, Hangzhou 310012, Zhejiang Province, China.


Our healthcare system is experiencing a paradigm shift to precision medicine, aiming at an early prediction of individual disease risks and targeted interventions. Whole-genome sequencing is currently gaining momentum, as it has the potential to capture all classes of genetic variation, thus providing a more complete picture of the individual's genetic makeup, which could be utilized in genetic testing; however, this will also lead to difficulties in interpreting the test results, necessitating careful integration of genomic data with other layers of information, both molecular multiomics measurements of epigenome, transcriptome, proteome, metabolome and even microbiome, as well as comprehensive information on diet, lifestyle and environment. Overall, the translation of patient-specific data into actionable diagnostic tools will be a challenging task, requiring expertise from multiple disciplines, secure data sharing in large reference databases and a strong computational infrastructure.


data integration; genetic tests; multiomics; next-generation diagnostics; precision medicine

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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