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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Jan 29;8:17. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_277_18. eCollection 2019.

The relationship between work resources and physical and mental health among nurses: A confirmatory factor analysis.

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1
Department of Management, Dehaghan Branch, Islamic Azad University, Dehaghan, Iran.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

Physical and mental health is one of the major factors during work life among nurses that can be affected by differential aspects of work such as work resources. Therefore, the present study was conducted to determine the relationship between work resources and physical and mental health among nurses.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This study was a cross-sectional correlation study performed on 320 nurses employed in hospitals affiliated to Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in 2018. The data gathering tools was Work Resources, Physical and Mental Health questionnaires. data were analyzed using descriptive and analytical statistics (Pearson's correlation coefficient, analysis of variance, linear regression, and confirmatory factor analysis).

RESULTS:

Data analysis revealed that 46% and 34% of the participants had moderate and well work resources, respectively. Furthermore, 48% and 54% of nurses had physical and mental health in high level, respectively. Pearson's correlation coefficient showed that work resources score had significant positive relationship with a score of physical and mental health score (P < 0.001, r = 0.23, and P < 0.001, r = 0.17, respectively).

CONCLUSION:

Work resources are likely to be associated with an increased physical and mental health level among nurses in Iran. The parameters illustrated in the work resources can act as acceptable predictors for physical and mental health as general health.

KEYWORDS:

Mental health; nurses; physical health; work resources

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