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J Educ Health Promot. 2019 Jan 29;8:10. doi: 10.4103/jehp.jehp_10_18. eCollection 2019.

Predicting oral health behaviors among Iranian students by using health belief model.

Author information

1
Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Population Health, Family and Schools Office, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:

The aim of this study is assessing predictors to oral health behavior in Iranian students based on the health belief model.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

This cross-sectional study was conducted on 416 (applying the statistical estimation) of fifth-grade female students of Tehran in 2016. Random cluster sampling method was used to recruit students. The inclusion criteria were being grade five female student (aged 10-12 years), and studying in governmental schools, and having a signed consent from the child's parent or legal guardian. Logistic regression analysis was used to identify the variables that predict oral health behaviors.

RESULTS:

Overall, 416 female students were entered into the study. Of these, only 55.3% of the students reported that they were brushing at least twice a day, 22.4% were using dental floss at least once a day, and 23.1% reported checking their teeth every 6 months. The results obtained from the logistic regression analysis indicated that perceived self-efficacy, was the significant predicting factor for brushing at least twice a day (odds ratio [OR] = 1.34, 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.06-1.69, P = 0.012) and use of dental floss at least once a day (OR = 1.61, 95% CI = 1.14-2.27, P = 0.007). Furthermore, mother's job predicted use of dental floss at least once a day by (OR = 1.83, 95% CI 1.07-3.10). Perceived benefits were the significant predicting factor for 6 months check (OR = 1.78, 95% CI = 1.14-2.77).

CONCLUSION:

The current study provides evidence oral health can be promoted by increasing perceived self-efficacy and enhancing perceived benefits in female students.

KEYWORDS:

Health belief model; oral health; students

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