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Indian J Nephrol. 2019 Jan-Feb;29(1):42-45. doi: 10.4103/ijn.IJN_14_18.

Iatrogenic Central Vein Perforation: A Nonsurgical Therapeutic Approach.

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Division of Nephrology, Department of Medicine, Command Hospital (AF), Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.


Hemodialysis remains the most common mode of renal replacement therapy in patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD). It requires an appropriate vascular access. The vascular access while being the "lifeline" for patients on hemodialysis is also the "Achilles' heel" of the therapy. Although the gold standard for vascular access remains an arteriovenous fistula, in clinical practice situations often arise which mandates the use of central venous catheter (CVC). These CVCs while providing an immediate access for the performance of hemodialysis may be associated with various complications. These complications are usually minor requiring conservative management, but at times may be potentially life-endangering. We report a case where during the placement of the dialysis catheter, it inadvertently perforated the left innominate vein. A potential disaster was prevented by deploying a covered stent over the site. This alternative percutaneous approach when available can be a safe alternative to open surgical intervention and represents a paradigm shift in our approach.


Central venous catheter; endovascular intervention; iatrogenic central vein injury

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