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Circ J. 2019 Mar 25;83(4):783-792. doi: 10.1253/circj.CJ-18-1107. Epub 2019 Feb 26.

Increased Plasma Adenosine Concentration in the Subacute Phase May Contribute to Attenuation of Left Ventricular Dilation in the Chronic Phase in Patients With Acute Myocardial Infarction.

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Department of Cardiology, Gifu University Graduate School of Medicine.
Laboratory of Pharmaceutical Analytical Chemistry, Gifu Pharmaceutical University.



Changes in the plasma adenosine concentration and the effects on left ventricular (LV) function and remodeling in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) remain unclear. Methods and Results: In 58 patients with AMI and 14 subjects without cardiac disease (controls), we measured the plasma adenosine concentration by LC-MS/MS. Blood samples were taken from the antecubital vein on days 0, 1, 7, and 14 after AMI, and from the controls on admission. Cardiac echocardiography was performed in the acute (within 7 days) and chronic (6 months) phases of AMI. There were no significant differences in the plasma adenosine concentrations among days 0 (211.5±150.2 nmol/L), 1 (192.7±141.3 nmol/L), 7 (218.8±154.1 nmol/L), and the controls (136.0±50.9 nmol/L). The plasma adenosine concentration increased significantly on day 14 (321.1±195.4 nmol/L) after AMI as compared with days 0, 1 and 7. AMI patients with a greater increase in the plasma adenosine concentration in the subacute phase showed an attenuation of LV dilation in the chronic phase. The plasma adenosine concentration in the acute phase did not affect the LV ejection fraction in the chronic phase.


The plasma adenosine concentration significantly increased 14 days after AMI, which may contribute to attenuation of LV dilation in the chronic phase.


Acute myocardial infarction; Left ventricular dilation; Left ventricular ejection fraction; Plasma adenosine concentration

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