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Contrast Media Mol Imaging. 2019 Jan 23;2019:5709698. doi: 10.1155/2019/5709698. eCollection 2019.

Application of Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound (CEUS) in Lymphomatous Lymph Nodes: A Comparison between PET/CT and Contrast-Enhanced CT.

Author information

1
Department of Biotherapy, Cancer Center, State Key Laboratory of Biotherapy, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
2
Department of Ultrasound, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.
3
West China School of Medicine, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu 610041, China.

Abstract

Purpose:

We described imaging characteristics of different types of lymphomas using contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS) and summarized some simple criteria to distinguish between normal lymph nodes and lymphomatous lymph nodes for clinical diagnosis.

Materials and methods:

Sixty-one lymphoma patients from 2014 to 2015 with 140 suspicious lymph nodes, who had been confirmed by histology and underwent chemotherapy, were enrolled in our study. The responses to chemotherapy were recorded by PET/CT, contrast-enhanced CT, or CEUS.

Results:

We summarized the CEUS enhancement patterns as two types when detecting lymphomatous lymph nodes, which could be the specific diagnostic criteria: (1) rapid well-distributed hyperenhancement, with 83.1% lesions exhibiting a fast-in hyperenhancement pattern in the arterial phase, and (2) rapid heterogeneous hyperenhancement, with 16.9% lesions exhibiting heterogeneous in the arterial phase. Particularly, we found that all the suspicious lesions of indolent lymphomas were rapid well-distributed hyperenhancement. CEUS successfully identified 117 lymphomatous lymph nodes, while PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT detected 124 and 113 lymphomatous lymph nodes, respectively. CEUS had an accuracy of 83.57%, and the accuracy of PET/CT and contrast-enhanced CT was 88.57% and 80.71%, respectively (p=0.188). The false-negative rate was 16.43%, 11.43%, and 19.29%, respectively (p=0.188).

Conclusion:

CEUS could be a useful tool in detecting lymphomatous nodes. A rapid well-distributed hyperenhancement pattern in CEUS could be a useful diagnostic criterion in both aggressive lymphoma and indolent lymphoma. These results can help us distinguish between lymphomatous and benign lymph nodes and make better diagnostic and therapeutic decisions.

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