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Environ Sci Pollut Res Int. 2019 Feb 26. doi: 10.1007/s11356-019-04601-8. [Epub ahead of print]

Aluminium foil dampened the adverse effect of 2100 MHz mobile phone-induced radiation on the blood parameters and myocardium in rats.

Author information

1
Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Jl. Mayjen Prof. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya, East Java, 60131, Indonesia. viskasaripk@yahoo.com.
2
Department of Anatomy and Histology, Faculty of Medicine, Universitas Airlangga, Jl. Mayjen Prof. Moestopo No. 47, Surabaya, East Java, 60131, Indonesia.

Abstract

Mobile phones emit a radiofrequency radiation (RFR) that might have adverse health effects. We aimed to investigate the possible protective effects of aluminium foil (AF) as a physical shield against the RFR from mobile phones on the blood parameters and the myocardium in rats. The effects of whole body 2100 MHz with 0.84-1.86 W/kg of SAR, 4 h/day for 30 days Global System for Mobile Communications (GSM)-RFR exposure for 4 h/day for 30 days on blood parameters (i.e. haemoglobin, leucocytes, thrombocytes, erythrocyte sedimentation rate, white blood cell differential count, corticosterone, CKMB), and the histology of myocardium were investigated. Three-month-old male rats (n = 32) were studied and randomised equally in the following four groups: K1 (non-AF non-RFR control), K2 (AF non-RFR control), P1 (non-AF RFR-exposed), P2 (AF RFR-exposed). Data were analysed with level of significance of p < 0.05. In P1, lower leucocytes and neutrophils counts with high corticosterone levels were found compared with the control groups, whilst a significantly higher CKMB was observed compared with P2 (p = 0.034). Lower cardiomyocyte counts congruent to the area fraction of the non-fibrotic myocardium were observed in P1 compared with the other groups (p < 0.01). AF might decrease the inflammatory-oxidative stress on rodent's blood cells and myocardium induced by the exposures of radiofrequency radiation of the mobile phones.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiomyopathy; Electromagnetics; Haematology; Oxidative stress; Pollutant

PMID:
30806932
DOI:
10.1007/s11356-019-04601-8

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