Format

Send to

Choose Destination
JAMA. 2019 Feb 26;321(8):762-772. doi: 10.1001/jama.2019.0711.

Association of Overlapping Surgery With Perioperative Outcomes.

Author information

1
Department of Anesthesiology, Perioperative and Pain Medicine, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
2
Department of Health Research and Policy, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
3
Stanford Law School, Stanford, California.
4
Department of Anesthesiology, University of Michigan School of Medicine, Ann Arbor.
5
Department of Anesthesia and Critical Care, University of Pennsylvania Perelman School of Medicine, Philadelphia.
6
Department of Otolaryngology, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California.
7
Department of Health Care Policy, Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts.
8
Department of Medicine, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston.
9
National Bureau of Economic Research, Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Abstract

Importance:

Overlapping surgery, in which more than 1 procedure performed by the same primary surgeon is scheduled so the start time of one procedure overlaps with the end time of another, is of concern because of potential adverse outcomes.

Objective:

To determine the association between overlapping surgery and mortality, complications, and length of surgery.

Design, Setting, and Participants:

Retrospective cohort study of 66 430 operations in patients aged 18 to 90 years undergoing total knee or hip arthroplasty; spine surgery; coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery; and craniotomy at 8 centers between January 1, 2010, and May 31, 2018. Patients were followed up until discharge.

Exposures:

Overlapping surgery (≥2 operations performed by the same surgeon in which ≥1 hour of 1 case, or the entire case for those <1 hour, occurs when another procedure is being performed).

Main Outcomes and Measures:

Primary outcomes were in-hospital mortality or complications (major: thromboembolic event, pneumonia, sepsis, stroke, or myocardial infarction; minor: urinary tract or surgical site infection) and surgery duration.

Results:

The final sample consisted of 66 430 operations (mean patient age, 59 [SD, 15] years; 31 915 women [48%]), of which 8224 (12%) were overlapping. After adjusting for confounders, overlapping surgery was not associated with a significant difference in in-hospital mortality (1.9% overlapping vs 1.6% nonoverlapping; difference, 0.3% [95% CI, -0.2% to 0.7%]; P = .21) or risk of complications (12.8% overlapping vs 11.8% nonoverlapping; difference, 0.9% [95% CI, -0.1% to 1.9%]; P = .08). Overlapping surgery was associated with increased surgery length (204 vs 173 minutes; difference, 30 minutes [95% CI, 24 to 37 minutes]; P < .001). Overlapping surgery was significantly associated with increased mortality and increased complications among patients having a high preoperative predicted risk for mortality and complications, compared with low-risk patients (mortality: 5.8% vs 4.7%; difference, 1.2% [95% CI, 0.1% to 2.2%]; P = .03; complications: 29.2% vs 27.0%; difference, 2.3% [95% CI, 0.3% to 4.3%]; P = .03).

Conclusions and Relevance:

Among adults undergoing common operations, overlapping surgery was not significantly associated with differences in in-hospital mortality or postoperative complication rates but was significantly associated with increased surgery length. Further research is needed to understand the association of overlapping surgery with these outcomes among specific patient subgroups.

PMID:
30806696
PMCID:
PMC6439866
[Available on 2019-08-26]
DOI:
10.1001/jama.2019.0711
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center