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Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl. 2019 Jan-Feb;30(1):208-214.

Spectrum of complications in chronic kidney disease patients undergoing maintenance hemodialysis: An experience of a tertiary care center in Nepal.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
2
Medical Student, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.
3
Department of Pathology, B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal.

Abstract

The burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) is increasing worldwide. Renal replacement therapy is the lifesaving treatment modality in end-stage renal disease. Among various renal replacement modalities, hemodialysis (HD) is widely preferred one. Intradialytic complications are common and mostly inevitable. This study was conducted to determine pattern of intradialytic complications and its associated factors. This is a cross-sectional study conducted for six months duration among all CKD patients who were undergoing maintenance HD in B. P. Koirala Institute of Health Sciences, Dharan, Nepal. Of 228 patients, most were male 141 (61.8%) with median age 50 years (22-77). In this study, diabetic nephropathy (38.2%) was the most common etiology of CKD. Among 228 patients, complications were noted in 133 (58.3%) patients. Common complications were chills and rigor (44.3%), backache (30.7%), and hypotension (27.2%) in the study patients. Intradialytic complications were significantly associated with increasing age (P <0.001) and irregular HD (P <0.001). The common complications among CKD patient undergoing maintenance HD were chills, backache, and hypotension. Increasing age and irregular HD were significantly associated with intradialytic complications.

PMID:
30804283

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