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Asian Nurs Res (Korean Soc Nurs Sci). 2019 May;13(2):99-106. doi: 10.1016/j.anr.2019.02.002. Epub 2019 Feb 23.

Establishment of Normative Self-Rated Health Status Data and Association between Ideal Life Expectancy and Social Wellness of General Population in Korea.

Author information

1
Department of Medical Informatics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
2
Department of Biomedical Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Medicine, Catholic University of Korea College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea.
4
Department of Medical Informatics, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Biomedical Science, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Cancer Research Institute, Seoul National University, Seoul, Republic of Korea; Department of Family Medicine, Seoul National University College of Medicine, Seoul, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: lawyun08@gmail.com.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

The purpose of this study was to establish normative data for holistic health parameters in the general Korean population and to investigate the factor associated with ideal life expectancy (ILE) among these holistic health parameters and sociodemographic variables.

METHODS:

This study used a questionnaire to obtain self-reported physical, mental, social, spiritual, and general health status and then evaluated their association with ILE. A total of 1,241 individuals responded to the questionnaire, from which we established a multidimensional health status reference data set representing the Korean population. To explain factors associated with ILE, we stratified results by age and gender and performed multiple logistic regression of sociodemographic variables and multidimensional health status.

RESULTS:

Women reported poor health status more frequently for all five health categories. The average ILE was 87.46 years versus 84.42 years of life expectancy in the general Korean population. Single marital status, higher income, and better social health were significantly associated with higher ILE.

CONCLUSION:

ILE could be a good indicator reflecting social wellness in a certain society. Comprehensive social health promotion programs can improve individuals' attitudes toward life expectancy, especially for vulnerable groups.

KEYWORDS:

holistic health; life expectancy; population health; self report; socioeconomic factors

PMID:
30802669
DOI:
10.1016/j.anr.2019.02.002
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