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J Neurochem. 1986 Feb;46(2):331-9.

Extra- and intracellular pH during near-complete forebrain ischemia in the rat.


The objective of the present study was to estimate extracellular pH (pHe) and intracellular pH (pHi) during near-complete forebrain ischemia in the rat, and to evaluate the relative importance of lactic acidosis and rise in tissue Pco2 (Ptco2) in causing pHe and pHi to fall. The animals, which were ventilated, normoxic, normocapnic, and normothermic, were subjected to 15 min of ischemia, either without or with 30-60 min of recirculation. Ptco2 was measured with a tissue electrode, pHe with a double-barrel liquid ion-exchanger microelectrode, changes in extracellular fluid (ECF) volume by impedance measurements, tissue CO2 content by a microdiffusion technique, and labile tissue metabolites by enzymatic fluorometric methods. Ischemia caused Ptco2 to rise to between 95 and 190 mm Hg (mean 149 mm Hg), and pHe to fall by 0.45-1.05 units (mean 0.70 units). During recovery, Ptco2 normalized within 5 min and pHe after 15-30 min. During ischemia, high-energy phosphates were depleted and tissue lactate content increased to 15 mumol X g-1. The total CO2 content (Tco2) was minimally or moderately reduced (normal, 11.9 mumol X g-1; range of ischemic values, 7.9-12.1 mumol X g-1), this range probably reflecting variable amounts of remaining blood flow. Impedance measurements demonstrated that ECF volume during ischemia was reduced to 55% of control, with gradual normalization during the first 15-30 min of recirculation. From values for Ptco2, Tco2, [HCO3-]e, and ECF volume, [HCO3-]i and pHi could be calculated. These values pertain to an idealized homogeneous intracellular compartment, and the methods used cannot detect whether different intracellular compartments diverge in their acid-base responses.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS).

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