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J Mol Cell Cardiol. 2019 Feb 21;129:130-143. doi: 10.1016/j.yjmcc.2019.01.028. [Epub ahead of print]

Rho-family GTPase 1 (Rnd1) is a biomechanical stress-sensitive activator of cardiomyocyte hypertrophy.

Author information

1
Department of Internal Medicine III (Cardiology, Angiology, Intensive Care), University Medical Center Kiel, Kiel 24105, Germany.
2
Department of Internal Medicine III (Cardiology, Angiology, Intensive Care), University Medical Center Kiel, Kiel 24105, Germany; DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Hamburg/Kiel/Lübeck, Kiel 24105, Germany.
3
University Medical Center Eppendorf Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg 20246, Germany.
4
Hannover Medical School, Institute of Toxicology, Hannover D-30625, Germany.
5
Department of Internal Medicine III (Cardiology, Angiology, Intensive Care), University Medical Center Kiel, Kiel 24105, Germany; DZHK (German Centre for Cardiovascular Research), partner site Hamburg/Kiel/Lübeck, Kiel 24105, Germany. Electronic address: derk.frank@uksh.de.

Abstract

Cardiac remodeling is induced by mechanical or humoral stress causing pathological changes to the heart. Here, we aimed at identifying the role of differentially regulated genes upon dynamic mechanical stretch. Microarray of dynamic stretch induced neonatal rat ventricular cardiomyocytes (NRVCMs) discovered Rho family GTPase 1 (Rnd1) as one of the significantly upregulated genes, a cardiac role of which is not known yet. Rnd1 was consistently upregulated in NRVCMs after dynamic stretch or phenylephrine (PE) stimulation, and in a mouse model of pressure overload. Overexpression of Rnd1 in NRVCMs activated the fetal gene program (including nppa and nppb) effected into a significant increase in cell surface area in untreated, stretched or PE-treated cells. Furthermore, Rnd1 overexpression showed a positive effect on cell proliferation as detected by significant increase in Ki67, Phosphohistone H3, and EdU positive NRVCMs. Through a Yeast two-hybrid screen and immunoprecipitation analysis, we identified Myozap, an intercalated disc protein, as novel interaction partner of Rnd1. Importantly, functional analysis of this interaction revealed the importance of RND1 in the RhoA and Myozap protein network that activates serum-response factor (SRF) signaling. In summary, we identified Rnd1 as a novel stretch-sensitive gene which influences cell proliferation and cellular hypertrophy via activation of RhoA-mediated SRF dependent and independent signaling pathways.

KEYWORDS:

Cardiac hypertrophy; Mechanical stretch; Rho-family GTPase 1; Serum response factor signaling

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