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J Chem Phys. 2019 Feb 21;150(7):074306. doi: 10.1063/1.5082792.

Charge transfer effect on Raman shifts of aromatic hydrocarbons with three phenyl rings from ab initio study.

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College of Chemistry and Environmental Science, Hebei University, Baoding, Hebei 071002, China.
Beijing Computational Science Research Center, Beijing 100193, China.
College of Physics and Engineering, Qufu Normal University, Qufu, Shandong 273165, China.


To clarify the charge transfer effect on Raman spectra of aromatic hydrocarbons, we investigate the Raman shifts of phenanthrene, p-terphenyl, and anthracene and their negatively charged counterparts by using density functional theory. For the three molecules, upon charge increasing, the computed Raman peaks generally shift down with the exception of a few shifting up. The characteristic Raman modes in the 0-1000 cm-1 region persist up, while some high-frequency ones change dramatically with three charges transferred. The calculated Raman shifts for one- and two-electron transfer are in agreement with the measured Raman spectra, and in accordance to the stoichiometric ratios 1:1 and 2:1 of the metal atom and aromatic hydrocarbon molecule in recent experimental and theoretical studies. Our theoretical results provide the fundamental information to elucidate the Raman shifts and the stoichiometric ratios for alkali-metal-doped aromatic hydrocarbons.


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