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Saudi J Med Med Sci. 2019 Jan-Apr;7(1):28-32. doi: 10.4103/sjmms.sjmms_33_17. Epub 2018 Dec 14.

Knowledge and Attitude Regarding Toxoplasmosis among Jazan University Female Students.

Author information

1
Department of Family and Community Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
2
Faculty of Medicine, Jazan University, Jazan, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

Background:

In Saudi Arabia, the prevalence of toxoplasmosis is high. However, to date, few studies have evaluated the degree of knowledge on toxoplasmosis among females in Saudi Arabia.

Objectives:

The objective of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude and preventive behavior regarding toxoplasmosis among female students at Jazan University, Jazan, southwest Saudi Arabia.

Materials and Methods:

This cross-sectional study was conducted on a random sample of 440 female students at Jazan University using a semi-structured, self-administered questionnaire. Data with numerical/qualitative variables were expressed as frequency and percentage. Chi-square test was used to analyze categorical variables. P < 0.05 was used to indicate statistical significance.

Results:

This study found that more than three-quarters (79.1%) of the students had insufficient knowledge about toxoplasmosis. Students from healthcare faculties had higher knowledge scores (28.5%) than students from arts and humanities (20.6%) and science (18.9%) faculties; however, the differences were not statistically significant (P = 0.77). The majority of the studied sample (92.3%) was found to eat fast food on a regular basis. About 42%, 54% and 4% of the respondents reported that they never, occasionally and always ate improperly washed vegetables, respectively.

Conclusions:

This study found that a substantial proportion of Jazan University's female students have insufficient knowledge on toxoplasmosis. Health educational programs are necessary to increase the awareness and knowledge about toxoplasmosis and its clinical manifestations.

KEYWORDS:

Awareness; Jazan; Saudi; Toxoplasma gondii; preventive behavior; toxoplasmosis

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