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Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2019 Feb 20. doi: 10.1080/21645515.2019.1581555. [Epub ahead of print]

Insights on HPV vaccination in the United States from mothers' comments on facebook posts in a randomized trial.

Author information

1
a Klein Buendel, Inc .
2
b University of Connecticut.
3
c East Tennessee State University.
4
d Colorado State University.

Abstract

In the United States, parents' health beliefs affect HPV vaccination decisions. Our team acquired insights into mothers' health beliefs from their reactions and comments to posts on HPV vaccination in a social media adolescent health campaign in a randomized trial (n = 881 mothers; 63.1% reported daughters had 1+ doses of the HPV vaccine) evaluating communication intended to reduce daughters' indoor tanning. A total of 10 HPV vaccination messages in didactic (n = 7) and narrative (n = 3) formats were posted on vaccination need, uptake, and effectiveness and stories of young women who died from cervical cancer and a mother's decision to vaccinate her daughters. These posts received 28 reactions (like, love, and sad buttons; mean = 2.8 per post) and 80 comments (mean = 8.0 per post). More comments were favorable (n = 43) than unfavorable (n = 34). The most common favorable comment reported that daughters were vaccinated (n = 31). Unfavorable comments cited safety concerns, lack of physician support, distrust of pro-vaccine sources, and increased sexual activity of daughters. Mothers posting unfavorable (18.2%) as opposed to no comments (64.0%) or favorable (78.6%) comments were less likely to have had their daughters vaccinated (chi-square = 22.27, p < 0.001). Favorable comments, which often did not state reasons for vaccinating, may not dispel unfavorable beliefs among other mothers. Concerns about lack of vaccine safety remain a barrier. Mothers may express distrust in pro-vaccine sources to reduce discomfort with not vaccinating daughters to reduce their risk for HPV infection. Mothers who remained silent may support HPV vaccination (i.e., have daughters vaccinated) nearly as much as those providing favorable comments.

KEYWORDS:

Health communication; human papillomavirus vaccination; social media

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