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Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol. 2019 Feb 15. doi: 10.4103/ijdvl.IJDVL_633_17. [Epub ahead of print]

Pseudoxanthomatous or xanthelasmoid mastocytosis: Reporting a rare entity.

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Department of Dermatology, Armed Forces Medical College, Pune, Maharashtra, India.


Mastocytosis is a disease characterized by abnormal and pathologic increase in mast cells in the cutaneous tissue and extracutaneous organs such as the bone marrow, liver, spleen, lymph node and gastrointestinal tract. Cutaneous mastocytosis comprises of four major clinical variants: solitary and multiple mastocytomas, urticaria pigmentosa, diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis and telangiectasia macularis eruptiva perstans. Cutaneous mastocytosis of the xanthelasmoid type is a rare variant of diffuse mastocytosis. It is clinically characterized by the typical yellowish hue and is accompanied histologically by mast cells infiltrating far into the lower dermis. Here we report one such rare case.


Diffuse cutaneous mastocytosis; rare; xanthelasmoid variant

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