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Biomed Pharmacother. 2019 Apr;112:108666. doi: 10.1016/j.biopha.2019.108666. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

G protein-coupled estrogen receptor activation improves contractile and diastolic functions in rat renal interlobular artery to protect against renal ischemia reperfusion injury.

Author information

1
Department of Physiology, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, 832002, China.
2
Department of Physiology, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, 832002, China; The Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, 832002, China; Department of Physiology, Jiaxing University Medical College, Jiaxing, 314001, China. Electronic address: lily7588@163.com.
3
Department of Physiology, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, 832002, China; The Key Laboratory of Xinjiang Endemic and Ethnic Diseases, Shihezi University Medical College, Shihezi, 832002, China; Department of Physiology, Wuhan University School of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan, 430070, China; Department of Physiology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology of Basic Medical Sciences, Wuhan, 430070, China. Electronic address: sijunqiang@shzu.edu.cn.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

This work aimed to investigate whether G protein-coupled estrogen receptor (GPER) can improve the renal interlobular artery vascular function by increasing the NO content, thereby protecting against renal ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury.

METHODS:

This study classified ovariectomised (OVX) female Sprague-Dawley rats into OVX, OVX + IR, OVX + IR + G1 (the GPER agonist G1), OVX + IR + G1+G15 (GPER blocker) and OVX + IR + G1+L-NAME (eNOS blocker) groups. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay was performed to detect the estrogen levels in the body and eliminate interference from endogenous estrogens. Terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated deoxyuridine triphosphate nick end labelling (TUNEL) and HE staining, renal function test and Paller scoring were performed to identify the successful model and detect the degree of renal and renal interlobular arteries injury. The in vitro microvascular pressure diameter measurement technique was used to detect the contraction and diastolic activities of the renal interlobular arteries in each group. Immunofluorescence technique was used to observe the localisation and expression levels of GPER and eNOS in renal interlobular arteries. The GPER and eNOS protein expression levels in each group were detected by Western blot. The NO content in the serum of each group was detected by the nitrate reductase method.

RESULT:

After OVX, the estrogen level in the body decreased significantly (P < 0.01), and TUNEL staining showed a significant increase in the degree of renal tubular epithelial cell apoptosis in the IR group. Serum creatinine (SCr) and blood urea nitrogen (BUN) levels were significantly increased in the IR group (P < 0.01), and the Paller score showed significantly increased kidney damage. When performing drug treatment, the G1 intervention group significantly decreased serum BUN and SCr levels after IR injury (P < 0.01). The Paller score showed significantly decreased the degree of renal injury (P < 0.01). After IR, the renal interlobular artery contraction rate and systolic velocity of blood vessels were significantly decreased (P < 0.01). The G1 intervention group significantly restored contraction rate and systolic velocity of blood vessels (P < 0.01), and G15 and L-NAME partially reversed this effect (P < 0.01). Immunofluorescence technique showed that GPER was expressed in renal interlobular artery smooth muscle and endothelial cells. After IR injury, the GPER protein expression increased, and the eNOS protein expression decreased significantly (P < 0.01). Western blot showed that after IR injury, the GPER protein expression increased, and the eNOS protein expression decreased significantly. After G1 intervention, the GPER content did not change, and the eNOS content increased significantly (P < 0.01). After ischemia and reperfusion, the serum NO content decreased significantly, but it increased after G1 intervention. G15 and L-NAME reversed the effects of G1 to varying degrees (both at P < 0.01).

CONCLUSION:

GPER may improve the renal interlobular artery vascular function by increasing the NO content, thereby protecting against renal IR injury.

KEYWORDS:

GPER; Nitric oxide; Renal interlobular artery; Renal ischemia reperfusion injury

PMID:
30784936
DOI:
10.1016/j.biopha.2019.108666
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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