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J Environ Manage. 2019 May 1;237:163-169. doi: 10.1016/j.jenvman.2019.02.067. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

Human health risk assessment of groundwater arsenic contamination in Jinghui irrigation district, China.

Author information

1
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China; Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering of the Ministry of Land and Resources, No. 7 Guangtai Road, Xi'an, 710075, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: zyzhangy@chd.edu.cn.
2
School of Environmental Science and Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: xubin@chd.edu.cn.
3
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: 296251387@qq.com.
4
Key Laboratory of Degraded and Unused Land Consolidation Engineering of the Ministry of Land and Resources, No. 7 Guangtai Road, Xi'an, 710075, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: hanjc_sxdj@126.com.
5
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: 1584838469@qq.com.
6
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: 1457567859@qq.com.
7
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: chenfeng-fighting@outlook.com.
8
School of Land Engineering, Chang'an University, No. 126 Yanta Road, Xi'an, 710054, Shaanxi, China. Electronic address: 649126626@qq.com.

Abstract

The groundwater is an important route of human exposure to kinds of contaminants. This study was carried out to investigate the occurrence and spatial distribution of groundwater arsenic in the Jinghui irrigation district in Shaanxi Province, China. The water contamination was assessed for drinking purposes by comparing it to national guidelines, and the impacts of arsenic on human health were quantified using the health risk assessment model recommended by the USEPA. The results show that the concentration of groundwater arsenic ranges from 0.0012 to 0.0190 mg/L (average 0.0054 mg/L), and 2.58% of groundwater exceed the national guidelines of 0.01 mg/L for drinking. The carcinogenic risk of arsenic affecting adults has reached 3.50 × 10-4, significantly exceeding the national guideline (1.00 × 10-4.) The health risks resulting from oral exposure are higher than those of dermal exposure. The carcinogenic risk for adults is higher than that for children, while the non-carcinogenic risk for children is higher than that for adults. The area ratio of the carcinogenic risk is 42.82%, and the area of the non-carcinogenic risk is 69.19%. Groundwater arsenic mainly originates from the discharge of industrial wastewater and the slowly release of natural sediments. The results of this study can help to set up suitable management strategies to guarantee water supply and health safety for local residents.

KEYWORDS:

Contamination; Groundwater; Human health; Jinghui irrigation district; Risk assessment

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