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J Craniovertebr Junction Spine. 2018 Oct-Dec;9(4):283-285. doi: 10.4103/jcvjs.JCVJS_101_18.

Isolated enchondroma of the atlas.

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Department of Neurosurgery, Education and Research Hospital, Adiyaman University, Adiyaman, Turkey.


Periosteal enchondromas located in the spine are rare. We reported an even more infrequent occurrence of a periosteal enchondroma in the cervical spine of a 19-year-old girl. During the operation, a giant (>8 cm × 5.5 cm × 5 cm) ossified periosteal enchondroma with involvement of posterior structures and muscles of the axis was resected. The pathological examination revealed that the tumor consisted of enchondroid tissue with typical chondrocytes, confirming the diagnosis of periosteal enchondroma. Early identification of the initial lesion should be coupled with total surgical resection, as a definitive treatment, to prevent malignant transformation. Enchondromas grow in an expanding manner which makes easy total resection.


Atlas; isolated enchondroma; vertebra

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