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Mikrochim Acta. 2019 Feb 18;186(3):193. doi: 10.1007/s00604-019-3255-6.

Antibody-functionalized reduced graphene oxide films for highly selective capture and purification of aflatoxins.

Author information

1
Mass Spectrometry Engineering Technology Research Center, Center for Advanced Measurement Science, National Institute of Metrology, Beijing, 100029, People's Republic of China.
2
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, People's Republic of China.
3
Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Food Nutrition and Human Health, College of Veterinary Medicine, China Agricultural University, Beijing, 100193, People's Republic of China. haiyang@cau.edu.cn.

Abstract

Pyrenylbutyric acid and streptavidin were coupled to films of reduced graphene oxide (rGO) and then conjugated to a biotinylated broad-spectrum monoclonal antibody against aflatoxins (AFs). It is shown that such films can efficiently and selectively capture AFs inculding AFB1, AFB2, AFG1, AFG2, AFM1 and AFM2. The rGO films were characterized by using scanning electron microscopy, energy-dispersive spectroscopy, and raman spectroscopy. The selectivity and purification performance of the antibody-loaded rGO films were investigated. They were applied to the purification of extremely small samples (100 μL) of AFs-spiked rabbit serum after enzymatic hydrolysis. The AFs were analyzed by ultra-performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry. The limits of detection for the six AFs investigated ranged from 50 to 170 pg·mL-1. The average recoveries of AFs in spiked rabbit serum samples ranged from 55% to 75%, with relative standard deviations of less than 9.4%. Graphical abstract Design of a multifunctional sandwich film that consists of a reduced graphene oxide film base, a pyrenylbutyric acid middle layer and a broad-specificity anti-AF monoclonal antibody surface layer. It was successfully applied to the determination of aflatoxins in only 100 μL of rabbit serum samples with satisfactory selectivity and acceptable accuracy.

KEYWORDS:

Determination; Extraction; Graphene oxide; Immunoaffinity; Mycotoxin; Preconcentration; Pyrene; Sample pretreatment; Serum; UPLC–MS/MS

PMID:
30778686
DOI:
10.1007/s00604-019-3255-6

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