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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Mar;67(3):376-381. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_650_18.

Epiretinal membrane profile on spectral domain optical coherence tomography in patients with uveitis.

Author information

1
Department of Uvea and Oncology Services, Dr Agarwal's Eye Hospital, 19 Cathedral Road, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India.

Abstract

Purpose:

To study the epiretinal membrane (ERM) profile on the spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (SDOCT) in eyes with uveitis.

Methods:

In this prospective observational study, macula of uveitic eyes were evaluated by SDOCT (Cirrus, model 5000) for ERM. ERM was quantified (in microns) and were followed up along with the best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) and treatment profile for 1 year. ERM morphology (focal, global, or mixed) and characteristics (thickness at fovea, maximum thickness, and location of maximum thickness in relation to fovea) were documented. Changes in altered foveal contour, cystoid macular edema (CME), and central foveal thickness were also noted. BCVA was noted when the inflammation subsided and it was correlated to specific ERM characteristics. SDOCT characteristics were compared in three treatment groups (no oral steroids, oral steroids with, and without immunomodulators).

Results:

Thirty-four eyes of 25 patients were evaluated. Mean logMAR BCVA decreased from 0.25 to 0.35 (P = 0.005). Foveal involvement with ERM (P = 0.011), lost foveal contour (P = 0.043), and ellipsoid layer disruption (P = 0.017) were associated significantly with reduced BCVA. Focal attachment of ERM was more commonly associated with CME (P = 0.03). Median ERM thickness showed significant increase (P < 0.001). Significant ERM progression from parafoveal to foveal (P = 0.02), significant progression of the thickest area of ERM closer to fovea (P = 0.0006) indicated a strong tendency of foveal involvement and this was correlated with worse BCVA (P = 0.009, r = -0.44) Oral steroids/immunomodulators showed no significant benefit on ERM progression.

Conclusion:

ERM progression in uveitis has a tendency to involve the fovea and is associated with significant vision loss, particularly in foveal ERM, focal attachment, and IS-OS disruption. Oral steroids and immunomodulators have no role in halting progression.

KEYWORDS:

Epiretinal membrane; epiretinal membrane changes in spectral domain OCT; optical coherence tomography; uveitis

PMID:
30777956
DOI:
10.4103/ijo.IJO_650_18
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