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Indian J Ophthalmol. 2019 Mar;67(3):335-339. doi: 10.4103/ijo.IJO_1437_18.

Practice pattern of cataract surgeons when operating on seropositive patients.

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Department of Ophthalmology, Maharaja Agrasen Medical College, Agroha, Hisar, Haryana, India.



The aim of this study is to know practice pattern of cataract surgeons when operating on patients, positive for blood-borne viral infections (BBVIs), namely, hepatitis B virus, hepatitis C virus, and human immunodeficiency virus. We also studied their awareness, knowledge, and attitude toward universal precautions and guidelines.


The telephonic survey enrolled practicing cataract surgeons, who were interviewed to record responses pertaining to their practice using an open-ended questionnaire. We studied statistical significance of difference of frequency of prick injuries in topical versus peribulbar anesthesia, and phacoemulsification versus manual small incision cataract surgery by employing Chi-square test. Significance of proportion was calculated using z-test. For all statistical calculations, significance level was set at 0.05%.


Of 623 ophthalmologists contacted, responses of 479 (79%) ophthalmologists were analyzed. Maximum participants were in private practice (48%). During whole practicing carrier, 313 (65%; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 61-70) participants admitted having suffered injury with needle or sharp instruments; of these, 204 (65%; 95% CI: 60-70) participants did not report their injury. Wearing "double gloves" during cataract surgery was the most common barrier adopted by participants.


We found high prevalence of occupational-related sharp injuries among ophthalmologists in this survey. Majority of them were aware of universal precautions, but adherence to postexposure prophylaxis was lacking.


Blood-borne viral infections; cataract; practice pattern

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