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Exp Cell Res. 2019 Apr 15;377(1-2):67-74. doi: 10.1016/j.yexcr.2019.02.011. Epub 2019 Feb 15.

Involvement of Stat3 phosphorylation in mild heat shock-induced thermotolerance.

Author information

1
Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan.
2
Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan. Electronic address: ysaito@mb.kyoto-phu.ac.jp.
3
Department of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, Kyoto Pharmaceutical University, Kyoto 607-8414, Japan. Electronic address: nakayama@mb.kyoto-phu.ac.jp.

Abstract

Thermotolerance is a phenomenon in which cells become resistant to stress by prior exposure to heat shock, and its development is associated with the induction of heat shock proteins (Hsps), including Hsp70. We previously showed that the expression of Hsp70 is regulated by the cytokine signaling transcription factor Stat3, but the role of Stat3 in thermotolerance is not known. In this study, we examined the possible involvement of Stat3 in the acquisition of thermotolerance. We found that severe heat shock-induced morphological changes and decreases in cell viability, which were suppressed by exposure to non-lethal mild heat shock prior to severe heat shock. This thermotolerance development was accompanied by Stat3 phosphorylation and the induction of Hsps such as Hsp105, Hsp70, and Hsp27. Stat3 phosphorylation and Hsp induction were inhibited by AG490, an inhibitor of JAK tyrosine kinase. Consistent with this, we found that mild heat shock-induced thermotolerance was partially suppressed by AG490 or knockdown of Hsp105. We also found that the Stat3 inhibitor Stattic suppresses the acquisition of thermotolerance by inhibiting the mild heat shock-induced Stat3 phosphorylation and Hsp105 expression. These results suggest that the mild heat shock-dependent stimulation of the JAK-Stat signaling pathway contributes to the development of thermotolerance via the induction of Hsps including Hsp105. This signaling pathway may be a useful target for hyperthermia cancer therapy.

KEYWORDS:

AG490; Heat shock; Hsp105; Hsp70; Stat3; Thermotolerance

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