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Int J Prev Med. 2019 Jan 15;10:4. doi: 10.4103/ijpvm.IJPVM_152_18. eCollection 2019.

Effects of Folate Supplementation on Carotid Intima-Media Thickness, Biomarkers of Inflammation, and Oxidative Stress in Carbamazepine-Treated Epileptic Children.

Author information

1
Department of Radiology, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
2
Department of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.
3
Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, I.R. Iran.

Abstract

Background:

This study was conducted to assess the effects of folate supplementation on carotid intima-media thickness (CIMT), biomarkers of inflammation, and oxidative stress in carbamazepine-treated epileptic children.

Methods:

This randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was carried out in 54 epileptic children aged 2-12 years old receiving carbamazepine monotherapy. Participants were randomly allocated into two groups to receive either 5 mg folate supplements or placebo (n = 27 in each group) for 12 weeks.

Results:

After the 12-week intervention, compared with the placebo, folate supplementation resulted in a significant reduction in plasma homocysteine (Hcy) (changes from baseline - 2.1 ± 2.5 vs. +0.1 ± 0.4 μmol/L, P < 0.001), serum high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP) (changes from baseline - 1.5 ± 3.5 vs. +0.4 ± 1.4 mg/L, P = 0.01), a significant increase in plasma nitric oxide (NO) (changes from baseline + 1.9 ± 5.8 vs. -2.0 ± 6.4 μmol/L, P = 0.02), and total antioxidant capacity (TAC) concentrations (changes from baseline + 88.6 ± 116.0 vs. +1.8 ± 77.4 mmol/L, P = 0.002). We did not observe any significant effects in mean levels of left and right CIMT, maximum levels of left and right CIMT, and total glutathione (GSH) and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels following the supplementation of folate compared with the placebo.

Conclusions:

Overall, folate supplementation at a dosage of 5 mg/day for 12 weeks among epileptic children receiving carbamazepine had beneficial effects on Hcy, hs-CRP, NO, and TAC levels, but did not affect CIMT, and GSH and MDA levels.

KEYWORDS:

Carotid intima-media thickness; epilepsy; folate; inflammation; oxidative stress

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