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J Anaesthesiol Clin Pharmacol. 2018 Oct-Dec;34(4):529-534. doi: 10.4103/joacp.JOACP_122_17.

Single intravenous bolus versus perioperative continuous infusion of tranexamic acid to reduce blood loss in abdominal oncosurgical procedures: A prospective randomized double-blind clinical study.

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1
Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care, Nizam's Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, Telangana, India.

Abstract

Background and Aims:

Intraoperative use of a single bolus dose of tranexamic acid may not be sufficient to prevent bleeding in the early postoperative period. The present study was carried out to compare the effect of two dose regimens of tranexamic acid in reducing perioperative blood loss and the amount of allogenic blood transfusion in abdominal tumor surgery.

Material and Methods:

In this prospective, controlled, and double-blind investigation, 60 patients electively posted for abdominal oncosurgical procedures were randomly assigned to receive a single bolus dose of tranexamic acid (10 mg/kg) (Group A), a bolus dose of tranexamic acid (10 mg/kg) followed by infusion (1 mg/kg/h) till 4 h postoperatively (Group B), and a bolus followed by infusion of normal saline (group C). Total intraoperative blood loss, amount of allogenic blood transfusion, postoperative drain collections, and hemoglobin and hematocrit levels were recorded at different time intervals. Data obtained after comparing three groups were analyzed by analysis of variance test for variables following normal distribution, Kruskal-Wallis test for nonparametric data, and post-hoc Tukey-Kramer test for intergroup analysis. A probability value of less than 5% was considered significant.

Results:

There was no significant difference in intraoperative blood loss in all the three groups. Both the tranexamic acid groups showed reduction in postoperative blood collection in drain at 6 h and 24 h in comparison to the control group (P < 0.001). There was also a significant difference in the amount of blood in postoperative drain at 24 h within the tranexamic acid groups, where lesser collection was seen in the infusion group (P = 0.007). Hemoglobin and hematocrit levels measured at different postoperative time intervals showed a significant reduction from the baseline in the control group compared to the tranexamic acid groups together.

Conclusion:

Tranexamic acid causes more effective reduction in post-operative blood loss when used as a bolus followed by an infusion continued in the postoperative period in comparison to its use as a single intravenous bolus in abdominal tumor surgery.

KEYWORDS:

Antifibrinolytics; blood loss; cancer; tranexamic acid

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