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Behav Brain Res. 2019 Feb 12;364:256-263. doi: 10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.019. [Epub ahead of print]

Integration and segregation of functional segmented anterior and posterior hippocampal networks in memory performance.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To determine the association between functional connectivity (FC) of functional-segmented anterior and posterior portions of the hippocampus and performance on verbal and visual memory tests in a young, healthy population.

METHODS:

We recruited 100 healthy participants in the age of 19-29. Resting state fMRI data were acquired and voxel-wise correlation analysis was performed to functionally divide the hippocampus. We investigated the inter-hemispheric hippocampal-cortical functional connectivity after the participants took the assessment of episodic memory using verbal (California Verbal Learning Test II, CVLT-II) and visual subtests (Rey-Osterrieth Complex Figure, ROCF). The partial correlations were used to identify the association between the intra-hemispheric hippocampal-cortical mean resting correlation and memory performance.

RESULTS:

The results showed that the anterior and posterior hippocampal networks involved differently in verbal and visual memory. Intra-hemispheric FC between left posterior hippocampus and posterior parahippocampal gyrus (PPHG) was positively correlated with CVLT-II Trail 2 Immediate Free Recall (r = 0.223, p = 0.029). Intra-hemispheric FC between left posterior hippocampus and posterior cingulate (PCC) was negatively correlated with ROCF Immediate Recall (r = -0.217 p = 0.034). Intra-hemispheric FC between left anterior hippocampus and temporal pole (TP) negatively correlated with ROCF Delayed Recall (r = -0.228, p = 0.025). Split half resampling procedure results showed some repeatability in our subjects.

CONCLUSION:

The present results demonstrated that, the anterior hippocampus was specifically involved in the visual memory processing, whereas the posterior hippocampus contributed to both the verbal and visual memories, which may have implications for a functionally synergetic and dissociable role of the hippocampus in different kinds of memory.

KEYWORDS:

Functional connectivity; Functional-segmentation; Hippocampus; Memory; fMRI

PMID:
30768997
DOI:
10.1016/j.bbr.2019.02.019

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