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J Med Entomol. 2019 Feb 13. pii: tjz013. doi: 10.1093/jme/tjz013. [Epub ahead of print]

A Microsatellite Multiplex Assay for Profiling Pig DNA in Mosquito Bloodmeals.

Author information

1
Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI.
2
Vector Borne Diseases Unit, Papua New Guinea Institute of Medical Research, Madang, Papua New Guinea.

Abstract

Genetic profiling has been used to link mosquito bloodmeals to the individual humans, but this analysis has not been done for other mammalian bloodmeals. In this study, we describe a microsatellite-based method for identifying individual pigs in mosquito bloodmeals based on their unique multilocus genotypes. Eleven tetranucleotide microsatellites and a sex-specific marker were selected based on Smith-Waterman DNA sequence alignment scores from the reference genome and primers were designed with features that reduce primer dimers, promote complete adenylation, and enable fluorescent labeling of amplicons. A multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay was optimized and validated by analyzing DNA of individual pigs from several nuclear families and breeds before it was used to analyze genomic DNA of pig-derived mosquito bloodmeals from villages of Papua New Guinea. Population analysis of the nuclear families showed high expected and observed heterozygosity. The probability of observing two unrelated or sibling individuals sharing the same genotype at a single microsatellite locus or a combination of loci was vanishingly low. Samples had unique genotypes and gender was accurately predicted. Analysis of 129 pig bloodmeals identified 19 unique genotypes, which varied greatly in frequency in the mosquito bloodmeal samples. The high allelic diversity of the microsatellite loci and low probability of false attribution of identity show that this genotyping method reliably distinguishes distantly and closely related pigs and can be used to identify individual pigs from genotyped mosquito bloodmeals.

KEYWORDS:

blood; genotype; microsatellite; mosquito; pig

PMID:
30768665
DOI:
10.1093/jme/tjz013

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