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South Asian J Cancer. 2019 Jan-Mar;8(1):57-59. doi: 10.4103/sajc.sajc_52_18.

Primary gastrointestinal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma: A prospective study from South India.

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1
Department of Medical Oncology, Kidwai Cancer Institute, Bengaluru, Karnataka, India.

Abstract

Background:

Gastrointestinal tract (GIT) is the most common extranodal site for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and constitutes about 10%-15% of all NHL. This was a prospective study to evaluate the epidemiological, clinicopathological characteristics, and treatment outcome of primary GIT diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PGIL).

Materials and Methods:

Newly diagnosed patients of PGIL with DLBCL histology were eligible. Lugano staging system was used. All patients were treated with prephase treatment (1 mg vincristine and 100 mg prednisolone) followed by CHOP-based chemotherapy (with or without rituximab) as definitive treatment.

Results:

A total of 21 patients of PGIL were diagnosed. The median age was 46 years (range: 27-69 years) with male:female ratio of 2:1. Dull aching abdominal pain was the most common presenting complaint. Stomach was the most common site involved (52.4%, n = 11) followed by the colon (23.8%, n = 5). The estimated median survival in patients with Stage IV disease was significantly lower as compared to patients with localized disease (Stage I and II) (6.23 months vs. 23.4 months; P = 0.04). Patients, who did not achieve complete response (CR), had 15.5 times higher risk of death, as compared to those who achieved CR (P = 0.01).

Conclusions:

Stomach was the most common site for PGIL. Localized disease and CR after first-line chemotherapy were associated with better survival. A higher cost of rituximab was the prohibitive factor for cure in these patients.

KEYWORDS:

Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma; diffuse large B-cell lymphoma colon; diffuse large B-cell lymphoma stomach; gastrointestinal lymphoma

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