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Glob Health Action. 2019;12(1):1574544. doi: 10.1080/16549716.2019.1574544.

Organization and implementation of an oral cholera vaccination campaign in an endemic urban setting in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Author information

1
a Medical Social Science , Institute of Epidemiology Disease Control and Research (IEDCR) , Dhaka , Bangladesh.
2
b Infectious Diseases Division , International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research (ICDDR) , Dhaka , Bangladesh.

Abstract

Bangladesh has historically been cholera endemic, with seasonal cholera outbreaks occurring each year. In collaboration with the government of Bangladesh, the Infectious Diseases Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh (icddr,b) initiated operational research to test strategies to reach the high-risk urban population with an affordable oral cholera vaccine (OCV) "ShancholTM" and examine its effectiveness in reducing diarrhea due to cholera. Here we report a sub-analysis focusing on the organization, implementation and effectiveness of different oral cholera vaccine delivery strategies in the endemic urban setting in Bangladesh. We described how the vaccination program was planned, prepared and implemented using different strategies to deliver oral cholera vaccine to a high-risk urban population in Dhaka, Bangladesh based on administrative data and observations made during the program. The objective of this study is to evaluate the organization, implementation and effectiveness of different oral cholera vaccine delivery strategies in the endemic urban setting in Bangladesh. OCV administration by trained local volunteers through outreach sites and mop-up activities yielded high coverage of 82% and 72% of 172,754 targeted individuals for the first and second dose respectively, using national Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) campaign mechanisms without disrupting routine immunization activities. The cost of delivery was low. Safety and cold chain requirements were adequately managed. The adopted strategies were technically and programmatically feasible. Current evidence on implementation strategies in different settings together with available OCV stockpiles should encourage at-risk countries to use OCV along with other preventive and control measures.

KEYWORDS:

Bangladesh; Cholera; endemic; feasible; implementation; organization; urban; vaccination

PMID:
30764750
PMCID:
PMC6383613
DOI:
10.1080/16549716.2019.1574544
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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