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Transpl Int. 1988 Jul;1(2):91-4.

Selective depletion of marrow-T cytotoxic lymphocytes (CD8) in the prevention of graft-versus-host disease after allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation.

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  • 1Marrow Transplant Unit, Institut Paoli-Calmettes, Marseille, France.

Abstract

In vitro depletion of mature pan-T lymphocytes has been widely and successfully used to prevent acute graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) after allogeneic bone-marrow transplantation (BMT). However, this procedure has been associated with a high incidence of graft failure and leukemic relapse. In this pilot study, we evaluated the efficiency of a selective depletion of human marrow T cytotoxic lymphocytes (CD8), a subset essential to induce GVHD in mice. Eleven patients with hematologic malignancies were included (7 HLA-matched BMT, 4 HLA-mismatched BMT). Marrow treatment with 7 anti-CD8 mAbs and rabbit complement resulted in a marked reduction of CD8+ lymphocytes from 15% (median value; range 7%-31%) to 1% (median value; range less than 1%-11%). Acute GVHD was not abolished by this procedure despite postgraft immunosuppression. One patient (HLA-mismatched BMT) rejected his graft and had a full autologous recovery. In conclusion, when compared to the data in the literature, CD8 depletion was shown to be less efficient than pan-T-cell depletion in the prevention of GVHD after allogeneic BMT and was still associated with a major complication associated with this procedure, i.e., graft failure.

PMID:
3076387
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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