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Orthopedics. 2019 Mar 1;42(2):e253-e259. doi: 10.3928/01477447-20190211-02. Epub 2019 Feb 14.

Navigation-Assisted Total Knee Arthroplasty for a Valgus Knee Improves Limb and Femoral Component Alignment.

Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of navigation-assisted surgery on radiographic and clinical outcomes after total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for a valgus knee. The authors identified all patients who underwent TKA for a valgus knee between January 2005 and December 2015. Among 83 conventional TKA cases and 55 navigation-assisted TKA cases, propensity score matching was performed for age, sex, body mass index, and preoperative lower limb mechanical axis. Fifty knees were matched to 50 knees. Each case was evaluated regarding lower limb mechanical axis, mechanical lateral distal femoral angle, medial proximal tibial angle, patellar tilt angle, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Knee Society score, and range of motion. Lower outliers of lower limb mechanical axis (30% vs 8%, P=.008) and mechanical lateral distal femoral angle (24% vs 10%, P=.046) were found in navigation-assisted TKA. However, outliers of medial proximal tibial angle, Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, Knee Society score, and range of motion were similar between the 2 different surgical techniques. Navigation-assisted surgery is correlated with fewer outliers of postoperative lower limb alignment and femoral component position but not tibial component position in TKA for preoperative valgus knee. Clinical outcomes for navigation-assisted TKA were not superior to those for conventional TKA. [Orthopedics. 2019; 42(2):e253-e259.].

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