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Folia Morphol (Warsz). 2019 Feb 14. doi: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0015. [Epub ahead of print]

Configuration of the circle of Willis and its two parts among Egyptian: a magnetic resonance angiographic study.

Author information

1
Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Egypt. zaky.sherif@yahoo.com.
2
Fakeeh College for Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia. zaky.sherif@yahoo.com.
3
Anatomy Department, Faculty of Medicine, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt, Egypt.
4
Fakeeh College for Medical Sciences, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

We hypothesized that the collateral circulation differs in different ethnic groups. So, the aim of our work was to study variations of the circle of Willis (COW) among Egyptian and to compare our findings with the findings of other nationalities.

MATERIAL AND METHODS:

One hundred patients were studied using magnetic resonance angiographic (3D-TOF-MRA). Frequency and morphologic variations in COW were studied. The diameters of the arteries of the anterior and posterior circle were verified. Finally, the differences among the mean diameters of these arteries regarding age and sex were also studied.

RESULTS:

Complete, partially complete and incomplete COW were encountered in 28%, 38% and 34% in the studied cases. The incomplete anterior circle was found in 34% (10 % isolated incomplete anterior circle and 24% combined incomplete anterior and posterior circles) and the incomplete posterior circle came across in 62% (38% isolated incomplete posterior circle and 24% combined incomplete anterior and posterior circles). Seven anterior circle variations were found. The commonest type was the classical type "a" with a prevalence of 56%, being higher in male (57.1%). The 2nd common type was type "g" (hypoplasia or aplasia of the anterior communicating artery) with a prevalence of 24 %, being higher in male (66.7%). Six posterior circle variations were found. The commonest variation was the classic type "a" with a prevalence of 26%, being higher in male (61.5%). Posterior circles types "d, e, h" (18%, 24%, 20%) constituted 62% and were characterized by hypoplasia/absent of the posterior communicating arteries.

CONCLUSIONS:

The prevalence of complete COW (classic or textbook type) was encountered only 28% of the studied cases. Variations of COW were found to be more common in the posterior circulation (62%). The incomplete anterior circle was found in 34% and it is mostly caused by hypoplasia or aplasia of the anterior communicating artery which was found to be more common compared to the literature.

KEYWORDS:

Circle of Willis; Egyptian; Variations

PMID:
30761512
DOI:
10.5603/FM.a2019.0015
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