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Front Immunol. 2019 Jan 29;10:90. doi: 10.3389/fimmu.2019.00090. eCollection 2019.

The Role of Glycosphingolipids in Immune Cell Functions.

Author information

1
Center for Proteomics and Metabolomics, Leiden University Medical Center, Leiden, Netherlands.
2
Department of Immunopathology, Sanquin Research, Amsterdam, Netherlands.
3
Landsteiner Laboratory, Amsterdam UMC, University of Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands.

Abstract

Glycosphingolipids (GSLs) exhibit a variety of functions in cellular differentiation and interaction. Also, they are known to play a role as receptors in pathogen invasion. A less well-explored feature is the role of GSLs in immune cell function which is the subject of this review article. Here we summarize knowledge on GSL expression patterns in different immune cells. We review the changes in GSL expression during immune cell development and differentiation, maturation, and activation. Furthermore, we review how immune cell GSLs impact membrane organization, molecular signaling, and trans-interactions in cellular cross-talk. Another aspect covered is the role of GSLs as targets of antibody-based immunity in cancer. We expect that recent advances in analytical and genome editing technologies will help in the coming years to further our knowledge on the role of GSLs as modulators of immune cell function.

KEYWORDS:

cancer; differentiation; expression; glycans; glycolipids; immunity; receptors; regulation

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