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J Natl Cancer Inst. 2019 Feb 12. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djy230. [Epub ahead of print]

Targeting IDH1-Mutated Malignancies with NRF2 Blockade.

Author information

1
Neuro-Oncology Branch, Center for Cancer Research, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD.

Abstract

Background:

Neomorphic IDH1 mutations disrupt the redox balance by promoting reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, the mechanism by which IDH1-mutant cells maintain ROS homeostasis remains elusive. It is also not known whether reprogrammed ROS homeostasis establishes targetable vulnerability in IDH1-mutated cancers.

Methods:

We investigated ROS homeostasis in wild-type (GSC827, GSC923, GSC627, and GSC711) and IDH1-mutated cells (IDH1R132C- and IDH1R132H-transduced U87, U251; MGG152, and TS603 cells). We analyzed the stability and transcriptional activity of NRF2 in IDH1-mutated cells. The oxidative DNA damage was analyzed using NRF2-targeting small interfering RNA. Moreover, we evaluated the effect of the NRF2 inhibitor brusatol in an IDH1-mutated subcutaneous xenograft nude mouse model (control group, n = 5; brusatol-treated group, n = 6). All statistical tests were two-sided.

Results:

We showed that IDH1-mutated cells develop a dependency on the NRF2 antioxidative pathway. Genetic or pharmacologic blockade of NRF2 not only disrupted ROS homeostasis (mean [SD] ROS levels increased by 317 [42.1]%, P = .001, in IDH1R132C and by 286. 5 [48.7]%, P = .003, in IDH1R132H cells) but also enhanced oxidative DNA damage and decreased proliferation of IDH1-mutated cells. Brusatol selectively suppressed IDH1-mutated cancer progression in vivo (mean [SD] final tumor volume was 761.6 [391.6] mm3 in the control and 246.2 [215] mm3 in the brusatol-treated group, P = .02).

Conclusions:

IDH1 mutation reprograms ROS homeostasis in cancer cells, which leads to dependency on the NRF2 antioxidant pathway for ROS scavenging. NRF2 blockade might be a novel therapeutic approach to treat malignancies with IDH1 mutation.

PMID:
30759236
DOI:
10.1093/jnci/djy230

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