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Child Care Health Dev. 2019 May;45(3):371-379. doi: 10.1111/cch.12650. Epub 2019 Feb 20.

The effects of mindfulness training on suicide ideation among left-behind children in China: A randomized controlled trial.

Lu R1,2,3, Zhou Y4, Wu Q1,5, Peng X1, Dong J1, Zhu Z1,6, Xu W1.

Author information

1
School of Psychology, Nanjing Normal University, Nanjing, China.
2
CAS Key Laboratory of Behavioral Science, Institute of Psychology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
3
Department of Psychology, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China.
4
School of Education, Shanghai International Studies University, Shanghai, China.
5
School of Psychology, Shaanxi Normal University, Xi'an, China.
6
Department of Psychology, Yunnan Normal University, Yunnan, China.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The population of left-behind children is growing rapidly in China in recent years. Without parents' company, left-behind children may develop severe emotional problems, which can trigger extreme behaviours such as self-harm and suicide. Previous literature suggests that mindfulness-based intervention could effectively alleviate a variety of sufferings such as anxiety and suicide ideation. The current study sought to examine the effectiveness of mindfulness-based intervention on suicide ideation among left-behind children in China.

METHODS:

This study investigated the effects of an 8-week mindfulness training programme on suicide ideation of left-behind children in China. Forty-nine left-behind children completed a pretest and posttest on mindfulness level, social anxiety, self-esteem, and suicide ideation, with 21 in the mindfulness training group and 28 in the waitlist control group.

RESULTS:

Adjusting for pretest differences analyses of covariance found that, compared with waitlist control group, the mindfulness training group showed a significant improvement in mindfulness level and decreases in social anxiety and suicide ideation after the 8-week mindfulness training.

CONCLUSION:

The findings from this study support that the use of mindfulness-based intervention can effectively reduce the suicide ideation and social anxiety of left-behind children in China.

KEYWORDS:

left-behind children; mindfulness; randomized controlled trial; social anxiety; suicide ideation

PMID:
30754074
DOI:
10.1111/cch.12650

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