Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Int J Vitam Nutr Res. 2019 Feb 12:1-11. doi: 10.1024/0300-9831/a000529. [Epub ahead of print]

Physicochemical Properties and Health Benefits of Pistachio Nuts.

Author information

1
1 Non-Communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
2
2 Dep. of Cardiology, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
3
3 Occupational Environment Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
4
4 Pistachio Safety Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
5
5 Dept. of Surgery, School of Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Science, Rafsanjan, Iran.
6
6 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Research Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
7
7 Dept. of Immunology, Medical School, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran.
8
8 Nutrition Research Center, Department of Clinical Nutrition, School of Nutritoin and Food Sciences, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran.

Abstract

The genus of Pistacia plant systematically fits into the family of Anacardiaceae. Pistachios contain protein, carbohydrate, dietary fibers, fat, folic acid, vitamin K, magnesium and potassium, gama-tocopherols, phytochemicals, and polyphenols. Collectively, these constituents have been shown to possess antioxidant and anti-inflammatory functions to improve overall health when consumed as a healthy diet. We searched the following keywords within the literature databases: pistachio, heart disorders, lipids, weight, antioxidants, and allergy. Further searching theses keywords, we have found 50 articles in PubMed, 40 articles in ISI web of knowledge and 30 articles in Google Scholar. We have selected 100 articles, among them 80 articles were used as the references of this review. In the current article, we have discussed the most recent data published regarding the regulatory effects of pistachios on several clinical states such as heart related disorders, hyperlipidemia, hypertension, vascular stiffness and endothelial and gut functions, weight management, glucose metabolism, kidney function and finally allergies.

KEYWORDS:

Lipids; allergies; antioxidants; cardiovascular disease; diabetes mellitus; renal disorder; weight

PMID:
30747609
DOI:
10.1024/0300-9831/a000529

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon
Loading ...
Support Center