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AIDS Behav. 2019 Feb 12. doi: 10.1007/s10461-019-02424-9. [Epub ahead of print]

Consent for HIV Testing Among Adolescent Sexual Minority Males: Legal Status, Youth Perceptions, and Associations with Actual Testing and Sexual Risk Behavior.

Author information

1
Centers for Behavioral and Preventative Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA. kimberly_nelson_1@brown.edu.
2
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. kimberly_nelson_1@brown.edu.
3
Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA. kimberly_nelson_1@brown.edu.
4
Centers for Behavioral and Preventative Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Coro West, Suite 309, 164 Summit Ave, Providence, RI, 02906, USA. kimberly_nelson_1@brown.edu.
5
Law School, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA.
6
Centers for Behavioral and Preventative Medicine, The Miriam Hospital, Providence, RI, USA.
7
Department of Psychiatry and Human Behavior, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.
8
Department of Behavioral and Social Sciences, Brown University, Providence, RI, USA.

Abstract

This brief report presents a preliminary investigation of the relations between minor consent laws for HIV testing/treatment and testing behavior among adolescent sexual minority males (ASMM; Nā€‰=ā€‰127; ages 14-17). Most participants had legal capacity to consent without parental/guardian permission (HIV testing: 79%; HIV testing/treatment: 65%). Despite having this legal right, few (15%) had ever tested. Capacity to consent was not associated with HIV testing in this sample; nevertheless, those who had not disclosed their sexual activity to parents/guardians were less likely to have tested. Confidentiality concerns may be a barrier to testing for these youth despite laws intended to enable independent testing.

KEYWORDS:

Adolescent; HIV; MSM; Minor consent laws; Sexual minority

PMID:
30747330
DOI:
10.1007/s10461-019-02424-9

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